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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 149-153

Study of resected specimens of ectopic pregnancy: A-5 year experience in Regional Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital, Imphal

Department of Pathology, RIMS, Imphal, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Gayatri Pukhrambam
Department of Pathology, RIMS, Imphal, Manipur
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_4_21

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Background: Ectopic pregnancy remains the leading cause of maternal death in early pregnancy. It is assuming greater importance because of its increasing incidence and its impact on woman's fertility. Objectives: To study the histomorphological changes of ectopic pregnancy and its correlation with relevant parameters such as age, site, parity, and gestational age. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of Pathology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, for a period of 5 years (January 2015–December 2019). All the specimens with a clinical diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy were included in the study. Histomorphological changes and other relevant parameters such as age, site, parity, and gestational age were analyzed. Results: A total of 160 ectopic pregnancies were diagnosed during the study period. A total number of pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient department during the study period was found to be 121,1941 giving an overall rate of occurrence of 0.13% or 1.31/1000 pregnancies. The most common site of involvement was fallopian tube (95%), mostly on the right side (64.37%). The most common age group was 30–39 years (mean age 30.8 years). Nearly 91.25% of cases were multiparous presenting mostly in their first trimester. Predominant-associated histopathological findings were chronic salpingitis (43.12%), acute salpingitis (20.62%), and salpingitis isthmica nodosa (7.5%). One case was found to be associated with paratubal cyst. Conclusion: Histopathological examination of resected ectopic pregnancy specimens can give an insight into the etiopathogenesis of ectopic pregnancy, thereby helping in early treatment and preventing recurrence.

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