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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 114-118

A comparative study of the antiemetic effect of intravenous palonosetron with granisetron for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting following laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia

Department of Anaesthesiology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Longjam Eshori
Department of Anaesthesiology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-4958.204818

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Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is commonly experienced unpleasant complications of general anesthesia following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). The present study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of palonosetron with granisetron in the prevention of PONV following LC under general anesthesia (GA). Materials and Methods: In a randomized, double-blinded study, after Ethical Committee approval, 100 adult patients aged 18–65 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II undergoing elective LC under GA during a 2-year period in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Imphal were assigned into one of two groups. Group P (n = 50) received palonosetron 0.075 mg intravenous (IV) and Group G (n= 50) received granisetron 40 μg/kg body weight in 4 ml NS (0.9% normal saline added to get desired volume), 10 min before induction of anesthesia. Standardized anesthetic technique was used, and data were collected for PONV in postanesthesia care unit for 0–2 h and in the postoperative ward for 2–48 h. Results: The incidence of early PONV (0–2 h) was 28% in Group P (palonosetron) and 32% in Group G (granisetron), whereas the incidence of late PONV (2–48 h) was 18% in Group P and 32% in Group G. However, palonosetron had lesser delayed onset nausea (2–48 h) compared to granisetron (P = 0.037). Common side effects observed in the two groups were similar with no statistically significant difference between the groups. Conclusion: Prophylactic IV palonosetron was as effective as granisetron in preventing early (0–2 h) PONV. However, palonosetron was significantly better in the prevention of late onset nausea (2–48 h) in patients undergoing LC under GA without any major adverse effects.

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