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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 90-93

Profile and pattern of drug use among treatment seekers in deaddiction center in a tertiary hospital -1-year study

Department of Psychiatry, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Athokpam Ranita Devi
Khurai Thangjam Leikai, Chingangbam Leirak, Imphal-795 010, Manipur
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-4958.141089

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Introduction: Drug use pattern is ever changing and has emerged as a global burden as it causes serious public health problems. Aims: To determine the sociodemographic profile and pattern of drug use among the treatment seekers in the deaddiction center, psychiatry department, over a 1 year period. Materials and Methods: Retrospective evaluation of case registries of 222 substance dependence patients in the age group of 18-60 years registering for the first time for treatment in the Drug Deaddiction and Treatment Centre (DDTC), Psychiatry Department, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Hospital from January to December 2009 was done. Statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 17. Results: We found that majority were males (n = 212). Among the current users, in order of frequency, drugs used were alcohol (84%), tobacco (61%), opioids (17.5%), cannabinoids (14.4%), volatile solvents (5.4%), and sedatives and hypnotics (5%). Also, 5.4% of them were currently injecting drug users and had high risk behaviors like sharing syringes and contact with commercial sex workers. About 13.1% of all the subjects had undergone screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and one-tenth were positive. Psychiatric morbidity like drug induced psychosis (28%), depression (18%), and anxiety (16%) were reported among 23.4% of the treatment seekers. One-fifth of patients reported physical complications: Hepatitis, neuropathy, anemia, etc. Very few (6.8%) subjects had a history of previous treatment of which only 5.4% were prior hospitalized. Conclusions: Present study can supplement information on drug use pattern and related complications which can be effectively used for local planning.

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